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voxelhierarchymapper.cpp 11 KB
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// ================================================================================================
// 
// This file is part of the CAMPVis Software Framework.
// 
// If not explicitly stated otherwise: Copyright (C) 2012-2013, all rights reserved,
//      Christian Schulte zu Berge <christian.szb@in.tum.de>
//      Chair for Computer Aided Medical Procedures
//      Technische Universität München
//      Boltzmannstr. 3, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany
// 
// For a full list of authors and contributors, please refer to the file "AUTHORS.txt".
// 
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file 
// except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
// 
// http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
// 
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the 
// License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, 
// either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions 
// and limitations under the License.
// 
// ================================================================================================

#include "voxelhierarchymapper.h"

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#include "cgt/assert.h"
#include "cgt/framebufferobject.h"
#include "cgt/shadermanager.h"
#include "cgt/texture.h"
#include "cgt/textureunit.h"
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#include "cgt/cgt_gl.h"
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#include "core/classification/abstracttransferfunction.h"
#include "core/datastructures/imagerepresentationgl.h"
#include "core/datastructures/geometrydatafactory.h"

#define VOXEL_DEPTH_MIPMAPPING 32
#define DIV_CEIL(x,y) ((x) > 0) ? (1 + ((x) - 1)/(y)) : ((x) / (y))

namespace campvis {

    std::string VoxelHierarchyMapper::loggerCat_ = "CAMPVis.modules.vis.VoxelHierarchyMapper";

    VoxelHierarchyMapper::VoxelHierarchyMapper()
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        : _xorBitmaskShader(nullptr)
        , _hierarchyRendererShader(nullptr)
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        , _mimapRendererShader(nullptr)
        , _fbo(nullptr)
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        , _xorBitmaskTexture(nullptr)
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        , _hierarchyTexture(nullptr)
        , _quad(nullptr)
    {  
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        _xorBitmaskShader = ShdrMgr.loadWithCustomGlslVersion("core/glsl/passthrough.vert", "", "modules/vis/glsl/xorbitmask.frag", "", "400");
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        _hierarchyRendererShader = ShdrMgr.loadWithCustomGlslVersion("core/glsl/passthrough.vert", "", "modules/vis/glsl/hierarchyrenderer.frag", "", "400");
        _mimapRendererShader = ShdrMgr.loadWithCustomGlslVersion("core/glsl/passthrough.vert", "", "modules/vis/glsl/mipmaprenderer.frag", "", "400");
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        _fbo = new cgt::FramebufferObject();
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        _quad = GeometryDataFactory::createQuad(cgt::vec3(-1.f), cgt::vec3(1.f), cgt::vec3(1.f, 1.f, 0.f), cgt::vec3(0.f, 0.f, 0.f));

        createXorBitmaskTexture();
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    }

    VoxelHierarchyMapper::~VoxelHierarchyMapper() {
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        ShdrMgr.dispose(_xorBitmaskShader);
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        ShdrMgr.dispose(_hierarchyRendererShader);
        ShdrMgr.dispose(_mimapRendererShader);
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        delete _xorBitmaskTexture;
        delete _hierarchyTexture;
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        delete _quad;
    }

    void VoxelHierarchyMapper::createHierarchy(const ImageRepresentationGL* image, AbstractTransferFunction* transferFunction) {
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        cgtAssert(image != nullptr, "Image must not be 0.");
        cgtAssert(transferFunction != nullptr, "Transfer function must not be 0.");
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        // perform ceiling integer division:
        // z is not considered.
        _brickSize = 2;
        _dimBricks = image->getSize();
        for (int i = 0; i < 2; ++i)
            _dimBricks.elem[i] = DIV_CEIL(_dimBricks.elem[i], _brickSize);

        // set the depth of the bricks
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        _brickDepth = DIV_CEIL(_dimBricks.z, 128);
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        // since the texture is a 2D texture and the elements store the depth  will pack VOXEL_DEPTH number of values along the z axis into one block, the _dimBricks.z is 
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        _dimBricks.z = 128;
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        _dimPackedBricks = _dimBricks;
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        _dimPackedBricks.z = 1;
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        _maxMipmapLevel = computeMaxLevel(_dimPackedBricks.x, _dimPackedBricks.y);

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        cgtAssert(_dimPackedBricks.z == 1, "This should not happen!");
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        // create initial texture:
        createEmptyTextureWithMipMaps();
        renderInitialHierarchy(image, transferFunction);

        // generate mipmap levels
        renderMipmaps();
    }



    GLuint VoxelHierarchyMapper::computeMaxLevel(size_t resolutionX, size_t resolutionY) {
        GLuint count = 0;
        GLuint resolution = static_cast<GLuint>(std::max(resolutionX, resolutionY));

        while (resolution) {
            resolution /= 2;
            count++;
        }
        return count-1;
    }

    void VoxelHierarchyMapper::renderMipmaps() {
        LDEBUG("Start computing the levels of the voxel object.");

        /// Activate the shader for geometry Rendering.
        _mimapRendererShader->activate();
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        _mimapRendererShader->setUniform("_projectionMatrix", cgt::mat4::createOrtho(0, 1, 0, 1, -1, 1));
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        cgt::TextureUnit bbvUnit;
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        bbvUnit.activate();
        _hierarchyTexture->bind();
        _mimapRendererShader->setUniform("_voxelTexture", bbvUnit.getUnitNumber());
        
        _fbo->activate();

        for (GLuint level = 0; level < _maxMipmapLevel; ++level) {
            double resX = _hierarchyTexture->getWidth() / pow(2.0, static_cast<double>(level));
            double resY = _hierarchyTexture->getHeight() / pow(2.0, static_cast<double>(level));

            _mimapRendererShader->setUniform("_level", static_cast<int>(level));

            _fbo->attachTexture(_hierarchyTexture, GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0, level+1, 0);
            _fbo->isComplete();

            glViewport(0, 0, static_cast<GLsizei>(resX / 2.0), static_cast<GLsizei>(resY / 2.0));
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            _quad->render(GL_TRIANGLE_FAN);
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        }

        _fbo->deactivate();
        _mimapRendererShader->deactivate();    
        LGL_ERROR;

        LDEBUG("...finished computing voxel visibilities mip maps.");
    }


    void VoxelHierarchyMapper::createEmptyTextureWithMipMaps() {
        // delete old stuff
        delete _hierarchyTexture;

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        cgt::TextureUnit tempUnit;
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        tempUnit.activate();

        // create new texture
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        _hierarchyTexture = new cgt::Texture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, _dimPackedBricks, GL_RGBA32UI, cgt::Texture::NEAREST);
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        _hierarchyTexture->setWrapping(cgt::Texture::CLAMP);
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        LGL_ERROR;

        // attach mipmaps manually (as we want special ones)
        glBindTexture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, _hierarchyTexture->getId());

        glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER, GL_LINEAR_MIPMAP_NEAREST);
        glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER, GL_LINEAR);
        glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_BASE_LEVEL, 0);
        glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, GL_TEXTURE_MAX_LEVEL, _maxMipmapLevel);  
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        LGL_ERROR;
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        int div = 2;
        for (GLuint level = 1; level <= _maxMipmapLevel; ++level) {
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            glTexImage2D(GL_TEXTURE_2D, level, GL_RGBA32UI, _hierarchyTexture->getWidth()/div, _hierarchyTexture->getHeight()/div, 0, GL_RED_INTEGER, GL_UNSIGNED_INT, 0);
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            div = div << 1;
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            LGL_ERROR;
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        }
        LGL_ERROR;
    }

    void VoxelHierarchyMapper::renderInitialHierarchy(const ImageRepresentationGL* image, AbstractTransferFunction* transferFunction) {
        LDEBUG("Start computing voxel visibilities...");

        _hierarchyRendererShader->activate();
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        _hierarchyRendererShader->setUniform("_projectionMatrix", cgt::mat4::createOrtho(0, 1, 0, 1, -1, 1));
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        _hierarchyRendererShader->setUniform("_brickSize", static_cast<GLint>(_brickSize));
        _hierarchyRendererShader->setUniform("_brickDepth", static_cast<GLint>(_brickDepth));
        _hierarchyRendererShader->setUniform("_hierarchySize", cgt::vec3(_dimPackedBricks));
        _hierarchyRendererShader->setUniform("_tfDomain", transferFunction->getVisibilityDomain());
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        cgt::TextureUnit volumeUnit, tfUnit;
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        image->bind(_hierarchyRendererShader, volumeUnit, "_volume", "_volumeTextureParams");
        transferFunction->bind(_hierarchyRendererShader, tfUnit, "_transferFunction", "_transferFunctionParams");

        _fbo->activate();
        _fbo->attachTexture(_hierarchyTexture, GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0, 0, 0);
        _fbo->isComplete();
        glViewport(0, 0, static_cast<GLsizei>(_hierarchyTexture->getWidth()), static_cast<GLsizei>(_hierarchyTexture->getHeight()));

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        _quad->render(GL_TRIANGLE_FAN);
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        _fbo->deactivate();
        _hierarchyRendererShader->deactivate();    

        LGL_ERROR;

        LDEBUG("...finished computing voxel visibilities.");
    }

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    void VoxelHierarchyMapper::createXorBitmaskTexture() {
        int bits = 32; // bits per texture channel
        GLuint all_1 = GLuint(pow(2.0,double(bits))-1);//)0x7FFFFFFFU; // (2^31 -1)
        GLuint shifted_ones = all_1;
        GLuint R,G,B,A;
        int counter = 0;
        std::vector<GLuint> bitmaskData;

        for (int i = 0; i < 4*bits; i++) {
            if (counter == bits) //reset
            {
                counter = 0;
                shifted_ones = all_1;
            }

            if (i < bits) // first 31 texels: 1-bit in R
            {
                R = shifted_ones;
                G = all_1;
                B = all_1;
                A = all_1;
            }
            if (bits <= i && i < 2*bits) // G
            {
                R = 0;
                G = shifted_ones;
                B = all_1;
                A = all_1;
            }
            if (2*bits <= i && i < 3*bits) // B
            {
                R = 0;
                G = 0;
                B = shifted_ones;
                A = all_1;
            }
            if (3*bits <= i && i < 4*bits) // A
            {
                R = 0;
                G = 0;
                B = 0;
                A = shifted_ones;
            }
            bitmaskData.push_back(R); // R
            bitmaskData.push_back(G); // G
            bitmaskData.push_back(B); // B
            bitmaskData.push_back(A); // A

            counter++;
            shifted_ones = shifted_ones >> 1;
        }
        GLuint* ptr = &bitmaskData.front();

        cgt::TextureUnit bitmaskUnit, xorUnit;
        bitmaskUnit.activate();
        cgt::Texture* bitmaskTexture = new cgt::Texture(GL_TEXTURE_1D, cgt::ivec3(128, 1, 1), GL_RGBA32UI, reinterpret_cast<GLubyte*>(&bitmaskData.front()), GL_RGBA_INTEGER, GL_UNSIGNED_INT, cgt::Texture::NEAREST);
        bitmaskTexture->bind();
        bitmaskTexture->setWrapping(cgt::Texture::CLAMP);

        xorUnit.activate();
        _xorBitmaskTexture = new cgt::Texture(GL_TEXTURE_2D, cgt::ivec3(128, 128, 1), GL_RGBA32UI, cgt::Texture::NEAREST);
        _xorBitmaskTexture->setWrapping(cgt::Texture::CLAMP);

        _xorBitmaskShader->activate();
        _xorBitmaskShader->setUniform("_bitmaskTexture", bitmaskUnit.getUnitNumber());

        _fbo->activate();
        _fbo->attachTexture(_xorBitmaskTexture, GL_COLOR_ATTACHMENT0, 0, 0);
        _fbo->isComplete();
        glViewport(0, 0, 128, 128);

        _quad->render(GL_TRIANGLE_FAN);

        _fbo->deactivate();
        _xorBitmaskShader->deactivate();    
    }


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}