mmixlib.ch 61.6 KB
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Types and preprocessor macros go into libtype.h

@x
@* Basics. To get started, we define a type that provides semantic sugar.
@y
@ @(libtype.h@>=
@h
@<Preprocessor macros@>@;
@<Type declarations@>@;

@* Basics. To get started, we define a type that provides semantic sugar.
@z

@x
@ @<Sub...@>=
void print_hex @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@ @(libprint.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
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#include "libarith.h"
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#include "libimport.h"
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void print_hex @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z


The external definitions of mmix-arith
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should also go into a header file.
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@x
@<Sub...@>=
extern octa zero_octa; /* |zero_octa.h=zero_octa.l=0| */
@y
@(libarith.h@>=
extern octa zero_octa; /* |zero_octa.h=zero_octa.l=0| */
@z

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Fatal errors need to be handled but error messages moves to libconfig.h
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@x
@d panic(m) {@+fprintf(stderr,"Panic: %s!\n",m);@+exit(-2);@+}
@y
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@d panic(m) {@+MMIX_ERROR("Panic: %s!\n",m);@+longjmp(mmix_exit,-2);@+}
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@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
void print_int @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libprint.c@>=
void print_int @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

The tet field of the mem_tetra may be eliminated.

@x
  tetra tet; /* the tetrabyte of simulated memory */
@y
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  MMIX_MEM_TET
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@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
mem_node* new_mem @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libmem.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
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#include "libimport.h"
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mem_node* new_mem @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

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We distinguish between different levels of initialization:
persistent data (initialized once when we load the library),
then data that needs to be initialized each time we start the
simulator, 
and finally data that is initialized each time we boot the machine.

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@x
@<Initialize...@>=
mem_root=new_mem();
mem_root->loc.h=0x40000000;
last_mem=mem_root;
@y
@<Set up persistent data@>=
mem_root=new_mem();
mem_root->loc.h=0x40000000;
last_mem=mem_root;
@z

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Handling the simulation of memory goes into its own file.

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@x
@<Sub...@>=
mem_tetra* mem_find @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libmem.c@>=
mem_tetra* mem_find @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

Defining the macro mm conflicts with other macros when using MS Visual C

@x
@d mm 0x98 /* the escape code of \.{mmo} format */
@y
@d mmo_esc 0x98 /* the escape code of \.{mmo} format */
@z

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Loading the object file will go into its own file. 

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@x
@<Initialize everything@>=
mmo_file=fopen(mmo_file_name,"rb");
@y
@<Load object file@>=
mmo_file=fopen(mmo_file_name,"rb");
@z

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How to print errors is defined in libconfig.h and
exit needs to be replaced by a longjmp.
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@x
    fprintf(stderr,"Can't open the object file %s or %s!\n",
@.Can't open...@>
               mmo_file_name,alt_name);
    exit(-3);
@y
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   MMIX_ERROR("Can't open the object file %s!\n",mmo_file_name);
   longjmp(mmix_exit,-3);
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@z


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these global varaibles go into libload

@x
@ @<Glob...@>=
FILE *mmo_file; /* the input file */
int postamble; /* have we encountered |lop_post|? */
int byte_count; /* index of the next-to-be-read byte */
byte buf[4]; /* the most recently read bytes */
int yzbytes; /* the two least significant bytes */
int delta; /* difference for relative fixup */
tetra tet; /* |buf| bytes packed big-endianwise */
@y
@ @<Load globals@>=
static FILE *mmo_file; /* the input file */
static int postamble; /* have we encountered |lop_post|? */
static int byte_count; /* index of the next-to-be-read byte */
static byte buf[4]; /* the most recently read bytes */
static int yzbytes; /* the two least significant bytes */
static int delta; /* difference for relative fixup */
static tetra tet; /* |buf| bytes packed big-endianwise */@z
@z

MMIX_ERROR again.

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@x
     fprintf(stderr,"Bad object file! (Try running MMOtype.)\n");
@.Bad object file@>
     exit(-4);
@y   
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     MMIX_ERROR("%s","Bad object file! (Try running MMOtype.)\n");
     longjmp(mmix_exit,-4);
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@z

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The next function goes into libload.

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@x
@<Sub...@>=
void read_tet @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libload.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
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#include "libarith.h"
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#include "libname.h"
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#include "libimport.h"
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@<Load globals@>
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@<Loading subroutines@>@;

@ @<Loading subroutines@>=
void read_tet @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

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Also to libload.

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@x
@ @<Sub...@>=
byte read_byte @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@ @<Loading subroutines@>=
byte read_byte @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

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Replace mm by mmo_esc.

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@x
if (buf[0]!=mm || buf[1]!=lop_pre) mmo_err;
@y
if (buf[0]!=mmo_esc || buf[1]!=lop_pre) mmo_err;
@z

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And again.

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@x
 loop:@+if (buf[0]==mm) switch (buf[1]) {
@y
 loop:@+if (buf[0]==mmo_esc) switch (buf[1]) {
@z

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The macro mmo_load becomes a function,
which uses MMIX_LDT and MMIX_STT as defined in libconfig.h.

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@x
@d mmo_load(loc,val) ll=mem_find(loc), ll->tet^=val
@y
@d mmo_load(loc,val) ll=load_mem_tetra(loc,val)

@(libload.c@>=
static mem_tetra *load_mem_tetra(octa loc, tetra val)  
{ octa x; 
  mem_tetra *ll=mem_find(loc);           
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  MMIX_LDT(x,loc);     
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  x.l = x.l^val;             
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  if (!MMIX_STT(x,loc))  
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  panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  return ll;
}

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@ This function is used next.
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@z

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Before we increment the line number,
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we reset the frequency.

@x
    cur_line++;
@y
    ll->freq=0;
    cur_line++;
@z

The next lines of code complete loading the object file.

@x
@ @<Initialize...@>=
cur_loc.h=cur_loc.l=0;
@y
@ @<Load object file@>=
cur_loc.h=cur_loc.l=0;
@z

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mmo files use local file numbers.
As we might load multiple files,
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we have to map the file number stored in
the mmo file as the ybyte to the 
filenumbers used inside the library.
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Default conversion functions are defined
in libname.c.
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First the case of known files.

@x
case lop_file:@+if (file_info[ybyte].name) {
   if (zbyte) mmo_err;
   cur_file=ybyte;
@y
case lop_file:
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   if (ybyte2file(ybyte)>=0) {
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   if (zbyte) mmo_err;
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   cur_file=ybyte2file(ybyte);
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@z

Now we handle new files.

@x
 }@+else {
   if (!zbyte) mmo_err;
   file_info[ybyte].name=(char*)calloc(4*zbyte+1,1);
   if (!file_info[ybyte].name) {
     fprintf(stderr,"No room to store the file name!\n");@+exit(-5);
@.No room...@>
   }
   cur_file=ybyte;
   for (j=zbyte,p=file_info[ybyte].name; j>0; j--,p+=4) {
     read_tet();
     *p=buf[0];@+*(p+1)=buf[1];@+*(p+2)=buf[2];@+*(p+3)=buf[3];
   }
 }
@y
 }@+else {
   char *name;
   if (!zbyte) mmo_err;
   name=(char*)calloc(4*zbyte+1,1);
   if (!name) {
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     MMIX_ERROR("%s","No room to store the file name!\n");@+longjmp(mmix_exit,-5);
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   }   
   for (j=zbyte,p=name; j>0; j--,p+=4) {
     read_tet();
     *p=buf[0];@+*(p+1)=buf[1];@+*(p+2)=buf[2];@+*(p+3)=buf[3];
   }
   cur_file=filename2file(name,ybyte);
 }
@z

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mm was replaced by mmo_esc.
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@x
   if (buf[0]==mm) {
@y
   if (buf[0]==mmo_esc) {
@z

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We load the postamble into the beginning
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of segment~3, also known as \.{Stack\_Segment}).
The stack segment is set up to be used with an unsave instruction.
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On the stack, we have, the local registers (argc and argv) and the 
value of rL, then the global 
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registers and the special registers rB, rD, rE, rH, rJ, rM, rR, rP, rW, rX, rY, and rZ,
followed by rG and rA packed into eight byte.

@x
@<Load the postamble@>=
aux.h=0x60000000;@+ aux.l=0x18;
ll=mem_find(aux);
(ll-1)->tet=2; /* this will ultimately set |rL=2| */
(ll-5)->tet=argc; /* and $\$0=|argc|$ */
(ll-4)->tet=0x40000000;
(ll-3)->tet=0x8; /* and $\$1=\.{Pool\_Segment}+8$ */
G=zbyte;@+ L=0;@+ O=0;
for (j=G+G;j<256+256;j++,ll++,aux.l+=4) read_tet(), ll->tet=tet;
inst_ptr.h=(ll-2)->tet, inst_ptr.l=(ll-1)->tet; /* \.{Main} */
(ll+2*12)->tet=G<<24;
g[255]=incr(aux,12*8); /* we will \.{UNSAVE} from here, to get going */
@y
@<Load the postamble@>=
{ octa x;
  aux.h=0x60000000;
  x.h=0;@+x.l=0;@+aux.l=0x00;
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  if (!MMIX_STO(x,aux)) /* $\$0=|argc|$ */
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     panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  x.h=0x40000000;@+x.l=0x8;@+aux.l=0x08;
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  if (!MMIX_STO(x,aux)) /* and $\$1=\.{Pool\_Segment}+8$ */
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     panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  x.h=0;@+x.l=2;@+aux.l=0x10;
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  if (!MMIX_STO(x,aux)) /* this will ultimately set |rL=2| */
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     panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  G=zbyte;@+ L=0;@+ O=0;
  aux.l=0x18;
  for (j=G;j<256;j++,aux.l+=8) 
  { read_tet(); x.h=tet;
    read_tet(), x.l=tet;
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    if (!MMIX_STO(x,aux))
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       panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  }
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  aux=incr(aux,12*8); /* we can |UNSAVE| from here, to get going */
#ifdef MMIX_BOOT
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  g[rWW] = x;  /* last octa stored is address of \.{Main} */
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  g[rBB] = aux;
  g[rXX].h = 0; g[rXX].l = ((tetra)UNSAVE<<24)+255; /* \.{UNSAVE} \$255 */
  rzz = 1;
#else
  inst_ptr = x;
  g[255] = aux;
  rzz = 0;  /* pretend \.{RESUME} 0 */
#endif
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//  if (interacting) set_break(x,exec_bit);
  x.h=G<<24; x.l=0 /* rA */; 
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  if (!MMIX_STO(x,aux))
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     panic("Unable to store mmo file to RAM");
  G=g[rG].l; /* restore G to rG because it was changed above */
}
@z

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The source line buffer is allocated once.
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@x
@<Initialize...@>=
if (buf_size<72) buf_size=72;
@y
@<Set up persistent data@>=
if (buf_size<72) buf_size=72;
@z

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The display of source lines gets its own file.

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@x
@<Sub...@>=
void make_map @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libshowline.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
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#include "libimport.h"
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void make_map @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

these include files are needed only in libshowline.c

@x
@<Preprocessor macros@>=
@y
@<Showline macros@>=
@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
void print_line @,@,@[ARGS((int))@];@+@t}\6{@>
void print_line(k)
  int k;
@y
@(libshowline.c@>=
void print_line(int k)
@z


@x
@ @<Preprocessor macros@>=
@y
@ @<Showline macros@>=
@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
void show_line @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libshowline.c@>=
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void show_line @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
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@z

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Printing the profile has its own file.

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@x
@<Sub...@>=
void print_freqs @,@,@[ARGS((mem_node*))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libprofile.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
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#include <setjmp.h>
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#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
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#include "libarith.h"
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#include "libimport.h"
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void print_freqs @,@,@[ARGS((mem_node*))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

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We need ll as a local variable here.
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@x
  octa cur_loc;
@y
  octa cur_loc;
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  MMIX_LOCAL_LL
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@z

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we use MMIX_FETCH.

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@x
 loc_implied: printf("%10d. %08x%08x: %08x (%s)\n",
      p->dat[j].freq, cur_loc.h, cur_loc.l, p->dat[j].tet,
      info[p->dat[j].tet>>24].name);
@y
 loc_implied:
 { tetra inst; 
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   MMIX_FETCH(inst,cur_loc);
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   printf("%10d. %08x%08x: %08x (%s)\n",
      p->dat[j].freq, cur_loc.h, cur_loc.l, inst,
      info[inst>>24].name);
 }
@z

For the mmixlib, we split performing the
instruction in three parts: 
resuming,fetching, and executing.
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here we do only the resuming.
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@x
@<Perform one instruction@>=
{
  if (resuming) loc=incr(inst_ptr,-4), inst=g[rX].l;
  else @<Fetch the next instruction@>;
@y
@<Perform one instruction@>=
{
  if (resuming)
  { loc=incr(inst_ptr,-4), inst=g[rzz?rXX:rX].l;
    if (rzz==0) /* RESUME 0 */
    { if ((loc.h&sign_bit) != (inst_ptr.h&sign_bit))
      { resuming = false;
        goto protection_violation;
      }
      @<Check for security violation@>
    }
  }
@z

This restriction is no longer necessary.

@x
  if (loc.h>=0x20000000) goto privileged_inst;
@y
@z

the next two lines are not a propper part of
performing an instruction and move to a separate 
function respectively to the main loop.
@x
  @<Trace the current instruction, if requested@>;
  if (resuming && op!=RESUME) resuming=false;
@y
@z

@x
int rop; /* ropcode of a resumed instruction */
@y
int rop; /* ropcode of a resumed instruction */
int rzz; /* Z field of a resumed instruction */
@z

@x
bool interacting; /* are we in interactive mode? */
@y
bool interacting; /* are we in interactive mode? */
bool show_operating_system = false; /* do we show negative addresses */
bool trace_once=false;
bool rw_break=false;
octa rOlimit={-1,-1}; /* tracing and break only if g[rO]<=rOlimit */
bool interact_after_resume = false;
@z

We make some more variables global.

@x
@ @<Local...@>=
register mmix_opcode op; /* operation code of the current instruction */
register int xx,yy,zz,yz; /* operand fields of the current instruction */
register tetra f; /* properties of the current |op| */
@y
@ @<Glob...@>=
mmix_opcode op; /* operation code of the current instruction */
int xx,yy,zz,yz; /* operand fields of the current instruction */
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tetra f; /* properties of the current |op| */
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@ @<Local...@>=
@z

and p is no longer needed in performing an instruction.

@x
register char *p; /* current place in a string */
@y
@z

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loading the instruction is postponed
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@x
  inst=ll->tet;
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@y
@z

now before incrementing the instruction pointer we load the instruction.
@x
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  inst_ptr=incr(inst_ptr,4);
@y
  @<Check for security violation@>
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  inst=0; /* default TRAP 0,Halt,0 */
  if(!MMIX_FETCH(inst,loc)) 
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    goto page_fault;
  inst_ptr=incr(inst_ptr,4);
  if ((inst_ptr.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
    goto protection_violation;
@z

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We change how to display certain instructions.
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@x
{"RESUME",0x00,0,0,5,"{%#b} -> %#z"},@|
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@y
{"RESUME",0x00,0,0,5,"{%#b}, $255 = %x, -> %#z"},@|
@z

@x
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{"SYNC",0x01,0,0,1,""},@|
{"SWYM",0x00,0,0,1,""},@|
@y
{"SYNC",0x01,0,0,1,"%z"},@|
{"SWYM",0x01,0,0,1,"%r"},@|
@z

631
L,G, and O are made global.
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640

@x
@ @<Local...@>=
register int G,L,O; /* accessible copies of key registers */
@y
@ @<Glob...@>=
int G=255,L=0,O=0; /* accessible copies of key registers */
@z

641

642
Some initialization needs to be done once others at each reboot.
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664

@x
@<Initialize...@>=
g[rK]=neg_one;
g[rN].h=(VERSION<<24)+(SUBVERSION<<16)+(SUBSUBVERSION<<8);
g[rN].l=ABSTIME; /* see comment and warning above */
g[rT].h=0x80000005;
g[rTT].h=0x80000006;
g[rV].h=0x369c2004;
if (lring_size<256) lring_size=256;
lring_mask=lring_size-1;
if (lring_size&lring_mask)
  panic("The number of local registers must be a power of 2");
@.The number of local...@>
l=(octa*)calloc(lring_size,sizeof(octa));
if (!l) panic("No room for the local registers");
@.No room...@>
cur_round=ROUND_NEAR;
@y
@<Set up persistent data@>=
if (lring_size<256) lring_size=256;
lring_mask=lring_size-1;
665
666
if (lring_size&lring_mask) 
  panic("The number of local registers must be a power of 2");
667
l=(octa*)calloc(lring_size,sizeof(octa));
668
if (!l)  panic("No room for the local registers");
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683

@ @<Initialize...@>=
sclock.l=sclock.h=0;
profile_started=false;
halted=false;
stdin_buf_start=stdin_buf_end=NULL;
good_guesses=bad_guesses=0;
profiling=false;
interrupt=false;

@ @<Boot the machine@>=
memset(l,0,lring_size*sizeof(octa));
memset(g,0,sizeof(g));
L=O=S=0;
G=g[rG].l=255;
684
#ifdef MMIX_BOOT
685
686
687
688
g[rK] = zero_octa;
#else
g[rK] = neg_one;
#endif
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
g[rN].h=(VERSION<<24)+(SUBVERSION<<16)+(SUBSUBVERSION<<8);
g[rN].l=ABSTIME; /* see comment and warning above */
g[rT].h=0x80000000;g[rT].l=0x00000000;
g[rTT].h=0x80000000;g[rTT].l=0x00000000;
g[rV].h=0x12340D00;
g[rV].l=0x00002000;
cur_round=ROUND_NEAR;
@z

@x
  if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store();
@y
  if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store(l[S&lring_mask]);
@z

@x
@d test_store_bkpt(ll) if ((ll)->bkpt&write_bit) breakpoint=tracing=true
@y
@d test_store_bkpt(ll) if ((ll)->bkpt&write_bit) rw_break=breakpoint=tracing=true
@z


stack_store must implement the rC register.

@x
@<Sub...@>=
void stack_store @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
void stack_store()
{
  register mem_tetra *ll=mem_find(g[rS]);
  register int k=S&lring_mask;
  ll->tet=l[k].h;@+test_store_bkpt(ll);
  (ll+1)->tet=l[k].l;@+test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
  if (stack_tracing) {
    tracing=true;
    if (cur_line) show_line();
    printf("             M8[#%08x%08x]=l[%d]=#%08x%08x, rS+=8\n",
              g[rS].h,g[rS].l,k,l[k].h,l[k].l);
  }
  g[rS]=incr(g[rS],8),  S++;
}
@y
@<Stack store@>=
void stack_store @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
void stack_store(x)
  octa x;
{ unsigned int pw_bit, new_pw_bit;
  mem_tetra *ll;
  pw_bit=g[rQ].h&PW_BIT;
  new_pw_bit=new_Q.h&PW_BIT;
739
  if(!MMIX_STO(x,g[rS])) /* implementing the rC register */
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
  {   /* set CP_BIT */
      g[rQ].l |= CP_BIT;
      new_Q.l |= CP_BIT;
      if (g[rC].l&0x02)  /* Write bit */
      {  int s;
         octa address, base, offset,mask;
         mask.h=mask.l=0xFFFFFFFF;
         g[rQ].h &=~PW_BIT;  /* restore PW_BIT */
         new_Q.h &=~PW_BIT;
         g[rQ].h |= pw_bit;
         new_Q.h |= new_pw_bit;
         s    = (g[rV].h>>8)&0xFF;  /* extract the page size from rV */
         mask = shift_left(mask,s);
         offset.h = g[rS].h&~mask.h,offset.l = g[rS].l&~mask.l;
         mask.h &= 0x0000FFFF;     /* reduce mask to 48 bits */
         base.h = g[rC].h&mask.h,base.l = g[rC].l&mask.l;
         address.h=base.h|offset.h,address.l=base.l|offset.l;
757
         MMIX_STO(x,address);
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
      }
  }
  ll=mem_find(g[rS]);
  test_store_bkpt(ll);
  test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
  if (stack_tracing) {
    tracing=true;
    printf("             M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x, rS+=8\n",
              g[rS].h,g[rS].l,x.h,x.l);
  }
  g[rS]=incr(g[rS],8),  S++;
}

@ @<Sub...@>=
@<Stack store@>@;
@z

@x
@d test_load_bkpt(ll) if ((ll)->bkpt&read_bit) breakpoint=tracing=true
@y
@d test_load_bkpt(ll) if ((ll)->bkpt&read_bit) rw_break=breakpoint=tracing=true
@z

Same with stack load.
@x
@<Sub...@>=
void stack_load @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@<Sub...@>=
@<Stack load@>@;

@ @<Stack load@>=
void stack_load @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

@x
  l[k].h=ll->tet;@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
  l[k].l=(ll+1)->tet;@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
@y
  test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
798
  MMIX_LDO(l[k],g[rS]);
799
800
@z

801
802
showing lines is part of main.

803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
@x
    if (cur_line) show_line();
@y
@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
int register_truth @,@,@[ARGS((octa,mmix_opcode))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@<Sub...@>=
@<Register truth@>@;

@ @<Register truth@>=
int register_truth @,@,@[ARGS((octa,mmix_opcode))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z

@x
   inst_ptr=z;
@y
   if ((z.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
   goto protection_violation;
   inst_ptr=z;
@z

827
Loading is supposed to use the functions from libconfig
828
829

@x
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
case LDB: case LDBI: case LDBU: case LDBUI:@/
 i=56;@+j=(w.l&0x3)<<3; goto fin_ld;
case LDW: case LDWI: case LDWU: case LDWUI:@/
 i=48;@+j=(w.l&0x2)<<3; goto fin_ld;
case LDT: case LDTI: case LDTU: case LDTUI:@/
 i=32;@+j=0;@+ goto fin_ld;
case LDHT: case LDHTI: i=j=0;
837
838
839
840
841
fin_ld: ll=mem_find(w);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
 x.h=ll->tet;
 x=shift_right(shift_left(x,j),i,op&0x2);
check_ld:@+if (w.h&sign_bit) goto privileged_inst; 
@y
842
case LDB: case LDBI: case LDBU: case LDBUI:@/
843
 i=56;@+j=56;@+if(!MMIX_LDB(x,w)) goto page_fault; goto fin_ld;
844
case LDW: case LDWI: case LDWU: case LDWUI:@/
845
 i=48;@+j=48;@+if(!MMIX_LDW(x,w)) goto page_fault; goto fin_ld;
846
case LDT: case LDTI: case LDTU: case LDTUI:@/
847
848
 i=32;@+j=32;@+if(!MMIX_LDT(x,w)) goto page_fault; goto fin_ld;
case LDHT: case LDHTI: i=j=0;@+if(!MMIX_LDT(x,w)) goto page_fault;
849
x.h=x.l;x.l=0;
850
fin_ld: ll=mem_find(w);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
851
 if (op&0x2) x=shift_right(shift_left(x,i),i,op&0x2);
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
check_ld:@+ if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
 goto store_x;
page_fault:
 if ((g[rK].h & g[rQ].h) != 0 || (g[rK].l & g[rQ].l) != 0) 
 { x.h=0, x.l=inst;
   y = w;
   z = zero_octa;
   @<Initiate a trap interrupt@>
   inst_ptr=y=g[rTT];
 }
 break;
@z

@x
case LDO: case LDOI: case LDOU: case LDOUI: case LDUNC: case LDUNCI:
 w.l&=-8;@+ ll=mem_find(w);
 test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
 x.h=ll->tet;@+ x.l=(ll+1)->tet;
 goto check_ld;
case LDSF: case LDSFI: ll=mem_find(w);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
 x=load_sf(ll->tet);@+ goto check_ld;
@y
case LDO: case LDOI: case LDOU: case LDOUI: 
 w.l&=-8;@+ ll=mem_find(w);
 test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
877
 if (!MMIX_LDO(x,w)) goto page_fault;
878
879
880
881
 goto check_ld;
case LDUNC: case LDUNCI:
 w.l&=-8;@+ ll=mem_find(w);
 test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
882
 if (!MMIX_LDO_UNCACHED(x,w)) goto page_fault;
883
884
 goto check_ld;
case LDSF: case LDSFI: ll=mem_find(w);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
885
 if (!MMIX_LDT(x,w)) goto page_fault;
886
887
888
 x=load_sf(x.l);@+ goto check_ld;
@z

889
Same for storing.
890
891
892
893

@x
case STB: case STBI: case STBU: case STBUI:@/
 i=56;@+j=(w.l&0x3)<<3; goto fin_pst;
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
@y
case STB: case STBI: case STBU: case STBUI:@/
 if ((op&0x2)==0) {
   a=shift_right(shift_left(b,56),56,0);
   if (a.h!=b.h || a.l!=b.l) exc|=V_BIT;
 }
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
901
 if (!MMIX_STB(b,w)) goto page_fault;
902
903
904
905
906
 ll=mem_find(w); test_store_bkpt(ll);
 break;
@z

@x
907
908
case STW: case STWI: case STWU: case STWUI:@/
 i=48;@+j=(w.l&0x2)<<3; goto fin_pst;
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
@y
case STW: case STWI: case STWU: case STWUI:@/
 if ((op&0x2)==0) {
   a=shift_right(shift_left(b,48),48,0);
   if (a.h!=b.h || a.l!=b.l) exc|=V_BIT;
 }
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
916
 if (!MMIX_STW(b,w)) goto page_fault;
917
918
919
920
921
 ll=mem_find(w); test_store_bkpt(ll);
 break;
@z

@x
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
case STT: case STTI: case STTU: case STTUI:@/
 i=32;@+j=0;
fin_pst: ll=mem_find(w);
 if ((op&0x2)==0) {
   a=shift_right(shift_left(b,i),i,0);
   if (a.h!=b.h || a.l!=b.l) exc|=V_BIT;
 }
 ll->tet^=(ll->tet^(b.l<<(i-32-j))) & ((((tetra)-1)<<(i-32))>>j);
 goto fin_st;
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
@y
case STT: case STTI: case STTU: case STTUI:@/
 if ((op&0x2)==0) {
   a=shift_right(shift_left(b,32),32,0);
   if (a.h!=b.h || a.l!=b.l) exc|=V_BIT;
 }
fin_pst:
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
939
 if (!MMIX_STT(b,w)) goto page_fault;
940
941
942
943
944
945
 ll=mem_find(w); test_store_bkpt(ll);
 break;
@z


@x
946
947
948
case STSF: case STSFI: ll=mem_find(w);
 ll->tet=store_sf(b);@+exc=exceptions;
 goto fin_st;
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
@y
case STSF: case STSFI: 
 a.l=b.l= store_sf(b);@+exc=exceptions;
 a.h=b.h=0;
 goto fin_pst;
@z

@x
957
958
959
960
961
case STHT: case STHTI: ll=mem_find(w);@+ ll->tet=b.h;
fin_st: test_store_bkpt(ll);
 w.l&=-8;@+ll=mem_find(w);
 a.h=ll->tet;@+ a.l=(ll+1)->tet; /* for trace output */
 goto check_st; 
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
@y
case STHT: case STHTI: 
  a.l=b.l=b.h;
  b.h=a.h=0;
  goto fin_pst;
@z

@x
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
case STCO: case STCOI: b.l=xx;
case STO: case STOI: case STOU: case STOUI: case STUNC: case STUNCI:
 w.l&=-8;@+ll=mem_find(w);
 test_store_bkpt(ll);@+ test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
 ll->tet=b.h;@+ (ll+1)->tet=b.l;
check_st:@+if (w.h&sign_bit) goto privileged_inst;
 break;
@y
978
979
980
981
case STCO: case STCOI: b.l=xx;
case STO: case STOI: case STOU: case STOUI:
 w.l&=-8;
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
982
 if (!MMIX_STO(b,w)) goto page_fault;
983
 ll=mem_find(w); test_store_bkpt(ll);test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
984
985
 break;
case STUNC: case STUNCI:
986
 w.l&=-8;
987
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto translation_bypassed_inst;
988
 if (!MMIX_STO_UNCACHED(b,w)) goto page_fault;
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
 ll=mem_find(w); test_store_bkpt(ll);test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
 break;
@z

@x
case CSWAP: case CSWAPI: w.l&=-8;@+ll=mem_find(w);
 test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
 a=g[rP];
 if (ll->tet==a.h && (ll+1)->tet==a.l) {
   x.h=0, x.l=1;
   test_store_bkpt(ll);@+test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
   ll->tet=b.h, (ll+1)->tet=b.l;
   strcpy(rhs,"M8[%#w]=%#b");
 }@+else {
   b.h=ll->tet, b.l=(ll+1)->tet;
   g[rP]=b;
   strcpy(rhs,"rP=%#b");
 }
@y
case CSWAP: case CSWAPI: w.l&=-8;@+ll=mem_find(w);
 test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
 if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto  translation_bypassed_inst;
1011
 if (!MMIX_LDO(a,w)) goto page_fault;
1012
1013
1014
 if (g[rP].h==a.h && g[rP].l==a.l) {
   x.h=0, x.l=1;
   test_store_bkpt(ll);@+test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
1015
   if (!MMIX_STO(b,w)) goto page_fault;
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
   strcpy(rhs,"M8[%#w]=%#b");
 }@+else {
   b=a;
   a = g[rP];
   g[rP]=b;
   x.h=0, x.l=0;
   strcpy(rhs,"rP=%#b");
 }
@z


@x
case GET:@+if (yy!=0 || zz>=32) goto illegal_inst;
  x=g[zz];
  goto store_x;
case PUT: case PUTI:@+ if (yy!=0 || xx>=32) goto illegal_inst;
  strcpy(rhs,"%z = %#z");
  if (xx>=8) {
    if (xx<=11 && xx!=8) goto illegal_inst; /* can't change rN, rO, rS */
    if (xx<=18) goto privileged_inst;
    if (xx==rA) @<Get ready to update rA@>@;
    else if (xx==rL) @<Set $L=z=\min(z,L)$@>@;
    else if (xx==rG) @<Get ready to update rG@>;
  }
  g[xx]=z;@+zz=xx;@+break;
@y
case GET:@+if (yy!=0 || zz>=32) goto illegal_inst;
  x=g[zz];
  if (zz==rQ) { 
      new_Q.h = new_Q.l = 0;
  }
  goto store_x;
case PUT: case PUTI:@+ if (yy!=0 || xx>=32) goto illegal_inst;
  strcpy(rhs,"%z = %#z");
  if (xx>=8) {
    if (xx==9) goto illegal_inst; /* can't change rN */
    if (xx<=18 && !(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto privileged_inst;
    if (xx==rA) @<Get ready to update rA@>@;
    else if (xx==rL) @<Set $L=z=\min(z,L)$@>@;
    else if (xx==rG) @<Get ready to update rG@>@;
    else if (xx==rQ)
    { new_Q.h |= z.h &~ g[rQ].h;@+
      new_Q.l |= z.l &~ g[rQ].l;
      z.l |= new_Q.l;@+
      z.h |= new_Q.h;@+
    }
  }
  g[xx]=z;@+zz=xx;@+break;
@z

@x
case PUSHGO: case PUSHGOI: inst_ptr=w;@+goto push;
case PUSHJ: case PUSHJB: inst_ptr=z;
push:@+if (xx>=G) {
   xx=L++;
   if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store();
 }
@y
case PUSHGO: case PUSHGOI: 
if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
goto protection_violation;
inst_ptr=w;@+goto push;
case PUSHJ: case PUSHJB: 
if ((z.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
goto protection_violation;  
inst_ptr=z;
push:@+if (xx>=G) {
   xx=L++;
   if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store(l[S&lring_mask]);
 }
@z

@x
 y=g[rJ];@+ z.l=yz<<2;@+ inst_ptr=oplus(y,z);
@y
 y=g[rJ];@+ z.l=yz<<2;
 { octa tmp;
   tmp=oplus(y,z);
   if ((tmp.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
   goto protection_violation;  
   inst_ptr = tmp;
}
@z

@x
case SAVE:@+if (xx<G || yy!=0 || zz!=0) goto illegal_inst;
 l[(O+L)&lring_mask].l=L, L++;
 if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store();
@y
case SAVE:@+if (xx<G || yy!=0 || zz!=0) goto illegal_inst;
 l[(O+L)&lring_mask].l=L, L++;
 if (((S-O-L)&lring_mask)==0) stack_store(l[S&lring_mask]);
@z

@x
 while (g[rO].l!=g[rS].l) stack_store();
@y
 while (g[rO].l!=g[rS].l) stack_store(l[S&lring_mask]);
@z

@x
@<Store |g[k]| in the register stack...@>=
ll=mem_find(g[rS]);
if (k==rZ+1) x.h=G<<24, x.l=g[rA].l;
else x=g[k];
ll->tet=x.h;@+test_store_bkpt(ll);
(ll+1)->tet=x.l;@+test_store_bkpt(ll+1);
if (stack_tracing) {
  tracing=true;
  if (cur_line) show_line();
  if (k>=32) printf("             M8[#%08x%08x]=g[%d]=#%08x%08x, rS+=8\n",
            g[rS].h,g[rS].l,k,x.h,x.l);
  else printf("             M8[#%08x%08x]=%s=#%08x%08x, rS+=8\n",
            g[rS].h,g[rS].l,k==rZ+1? "(rG,rA)": special_name[k],x.h,x.l);
}
S++, g[rS]=incr(g[rS],8);
@y
@<Store |g[k]| in the register stack...@>=
if (k==rZ+1) x.h=G<<24, x.l=g[rA].l;
else x=g[k];
stack_store(x);
@z

@x
@ @<Load |g[k]| from the register stack@>=
g[rS]=incr(g[rS],-8);
ll=mem_find(g[rS]);
test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
if (k==rZ+1) {
  x.l=G=g[rG].l=ll->tet>>24, a.l=g[rA].l=(ll+1)->tet&0x3ffff;
  if (G<32) x.l=G=g[rG].l=32;
}@+else g[k].h=ll->tet, g[k].l=(ll+1)->tet;
if (stack_tracing) {
  tracing=true;
  if (cur_line) show_line();
  if (k>=32) printf("             rS-=8, g[%d]=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            k,g[rS].h,g[rS].l,ll->tet,(ll+1)->tet);
  else if (k==rZ+1) printf("             (rG,rA)=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            g[rS].h,g[rS].l,ll->tet,(ll+1)->tet);
  else printf("             rS-=8, %s=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            special_name[k],g[rS].h,g[rS].l,ll->tet,(ll+1)->tet);
}
@y
@ @<Load |g[k]| from the register stack@>=
g[rS]=incr(g[rS],-8);
ll=mem_find(g[rS]);
test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
if (k==rZ+1) 
1164
{ if (!MMIX_LDO(a,g[rS])) { w=g[rS]; goto page_fault; }
1165
1166
1167
1168
  x.l=G=g[rG].l=a.h>>24;
  a.l=g[rA].l=a.l&0x3ffff;
}
else
1169
 if (!MMIX_LDO(g[k],g[rS]))  { w=g[rS]; goto page_fault; }
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
if (stack_tracing) {
  tracing=true;
  if (k>=32) printf("             rS-=8, g[%d]=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            k,g[rS].h,g[rS].l,g[k].h,g[k].l);
  else if (k==rZ+1) printf("             (rG,rA)=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            g[rS].h,g[rS].l,g[k].h,g[k].l);
  else printf("             rS-=8, %s=M8[#%08x%08x]=#%08x%08x\n",
            special_name[k],g[rS].h,g[rS].l,g[k].h,g[k].l);
}
@z

@x
@ The cache maintenance instructions don't affect this simulation,
because there are no caches. But if the user has invoked them, we do
provide a bit of information when tracing, indicating the scope of the
instruction.

@<Cases for ind...@>=
case SYNCID: case SYNCIDI: case PREST: case PRESTI:
case SYNCD: case SYNCDI: case PREGO: case PREGOI:
case PRELD: case PRELDI: x=incr(w,xx);@+break;
@y
@ The cache maintenance instructions do affect this simulation.

@<Cases for ind...@>=
case SYNCID: case SYNCIDI:
1196
 MMIX_DELETE_ICACHE(w,xx+1);
1197
 if (loc.h&sign_bit)
1198
   MMIX_DELETE_DCACHE(w,xx+1);
1199
 else
1200
   MMIX_STORE_DCACHE(w,xx+1);
1201
1202
1203
 break;
case PREST: case PRESTI: x=incr(w,xx);@+break;
case SYNCD: case SYNCDI:  
1204
 MMIX_STORE_DCACHE(w,xx+1);
1205
 if (loc.h&sign_bit)
1206
   MMIX_DELETE_DCACHE(w,xx+1);
1207
1208
 break;
case PREGO: case PREGOI:
1209
 MMIX_PRELOAD_ICACHE(w,xx+1);
1210
1211
 break;
case PRELD: case PRELDI:
1212
 MMIX_PRELOAD_DCACHE(w,xx+1);
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
 x=incr(w,xx);@+break;
@z

@x
case GO: case GOI: x=inst_ptr;@+inst_ptr=w;@+goto store_x;
case JMP: case JMPB: inst_ptr=z;
case SWYM: break;
case SYNC:@+if (xx!=0 || yy!=0 || zz>7) goto illegal_inst;
 if (zz<=3) break;
case LDVTS: case LDVTSI: privileged_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!privileged");
 goto break_inst;
illegal_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!illegal");
break_inst: breakpoint=tracing=true;
 if (!interacting && !interact_after_break) halted=true;
 break;
@y
case GO: case GOI: 
   if ((w.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
   goto protection_violation;  
   x=inst_ptr;@+inst_ptr=w;@+goto store_x;
case JMP: case JMPB: 
   if ((z.h&sign_bit) && !(loc.h&sign_bit))
   goto protection_violation;  
   inst_ptr=z;@+break;
case SYNC:@+if (xx!=0 || yy!=0 || zz>7) goto illegal_inst;
/* should give a privileged instruction interrupt in case zz  >3 */
 else if (zz==4) /* power save mode */
 {  const unsigned int cycle_speed = 1000000; /* cycles per ms */
    const unsigned int max_wait = 100;
    int d, ms;
    if (g[rI].h!=0 || g[rI].l>max_wait*cycle_speed) /* large rI values */
      ms = max_wait;
    else
      ms = g[rI].l/cycle_speed;
    if (ms>0)
    {  MMIX_DELAY(ms,d); 
       g[rI]=incr(g[rI],-(ms-d)*cycle_speed);
     }
     else if (g[rI].l>1000)
        g[rI].l = g[rI].l-1000;
     else if (g[rI].l>100)
        g[rI].l = g[rI].l-100;
     else if (g[rI].l>10)
        g[rI].l = g[rI].l-10;
 }
 else if (zz==5) /* empty write buffer */
1259
   MMIX_WRITE_DCACHE();
1260
 else if (zz==6) /* clear VAT cache */
1261
1262
 {  MMIX_CLEAR_DVTC();
    MMIX_CLEAR_IVTC();
1263
1264
 }
 else if (zz==7) /* clear instruction and data cache */
1265
1266
 { MMIX_CLEAR_DCACHE();
   MMIX_CLEAR_ICACHE();
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
 }
 break;
case LDVTS: case LDVTSI:   
{ if (!(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto privileged_inst;
  if (w.h&sign_bit) goto illegal_inst;
1272
  x = MMIX_UPDATE_VTC(w);
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
  goto store_x;
}
break;
case SWYM:
 if ((inst&0xFFFFFF)!=0) 
 {   char buf[256+1];
     int n;
     strcpy(rhs,"$%x,%z");
     z.h=0, z.l=yz;
     x.h=0, x.l=xx;
     tracing=interacting;
     breakpoint=true;
     interrupt=false;
     @<Set |b| from register X@>;
     n=mmgetchars((unsigned char *)buf,256,b,0);
     buf[n]=0;
     if (n>6 && strncmp(buf,"DEBUG ",6)==0) 
     { fprintf(stdout,"\n%s!\n",buf+6);
       sprintf(rhs,"rF=#%08X%08X\n",g[rF].h, g[rF].l);
       tracing= true;
     }
 }
 else
   strcpy(rhs,"");
break;
translation_bypassed_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!absolute address");
g[rQ].h |= N_BIT; new_Q.h |= N_BIT; /* set the n bit */
 goto break_inst;
privileged_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!kernel only");
g[rQ].h |= K_BIT; new_Q.h |= K_BIT; /* set the k bit */
 goto break_inst;
illegal_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!broken");
g[rQ].h |= B_BIT; new_Q.h |= B_BIT; /* set the b bit */
 goto break_inst;
protection_violation: strcpy(lhs,"!protected");
g[rQ].h |= P_BIT; new_Q.h |= P_BIT; /* set the p bit */
 goto break_inst;
security_inst: strcpy(lhs,"!insecure");
break_inst: breakpoint=tracing=true;
 if (!interacting && !interact_after_break) halted=true;
break;
@z

@x
case TRAP:@+if (xx!=0 || yy>max_sys_call) goto privileged_inst;
@y
1319
1320
1321
#ifndef MMIX_TRAP
case TRAP:@+if (xx!=0 || yy>max_sys_call) goto privileged_inst;
@z
1322

1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
@x
 x=g[255]=g[rBB];@+break;
@y
 x=g[255]=g[rBB];@+break;
#else
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
case TRAP:@+if (xx==0 && yy<=max_sys_call) 
      { strcpy(rhs,trap_format[yy]);
        a=incr(b,8);
        @<Prepare memory arguments $|ma|={\rm M}[a]$ and $|mb|={\rm M}[b]$ if needed@>;
      }
     else strcpy(rhs, "%#x -> %#y");
 if (tracing && !show_operating_system) interact_after_resume = true;    
 x.h=sign_bit, x.l=inst;
 @<Initiate a trap interrupt@>
 inst_ptr=y=g[rT];
 break;
1339
#endif
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
@z


@x
"$255 = Fopen(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fclose(%!z) = %x",
"$255 = Fread(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fgets(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fgetws(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fwrite(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fputs(%!z,%#b) = %x",
"$255 = Fputws(%!z,%#b) = %x",
"$255 = Fseek(%!z,%b) = %x",
"$255 = Ftell(%!z) = %x"};
@y
1355
#ifdef MMIX_TRAP
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
"$255 = Fopen(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fclose(%!z) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fread(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fgets(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fgetws(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fwrite(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fputs(%!z,%#b) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fputws(%!z,%#b) -> %#y",
"$255 = Fseek(%!z,%b) -> %#y",
"$255 = Ftell(%!z) -> %#y"};
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
#else
"$255 = Fopen(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fclose(%!z) = %x",
"$255 = Fread(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fgets(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fgetws(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fwrite(%!z,M8[%#b]=%#q,M8[%#a]=%p) = %x",
"$255 = Fputs(%!z,%#b) = %x",
"$255 = Fputws(%!z,%#b) = %x",
"$255 = Fseek(%!z,%b) = %x",
"$255 = Ftell(%!z) = %x"};
#endif
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
@z



@x
@ @<Prepare memory arguments...@>=
if (arg_count[yy]==3) {
  ll=mem_find(b);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
  mb.h=ll->tet, mb.l=(ll+1)->tet;
  ll=mem_find(a);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);@+test_load_bkpt(ll+1);
  ma.h=ll->tet, ma.l=(ll+1)->tet;
}
@y
@ @<Prepare memory arguments...@>=
if (arg_count[yy]==3) {
1393
1394
   MMIX_LDO(mb,b);
   MMIX_LDO(ma,a);
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
}
@z

@x
@ The input/output operations invoked by \.{TRAP}s are
done by subroutines in an auxiliary program module called {\mc MMIX-IO}.
Here we need only declare those subroutines, and write three primitive
interfaces on which they depend.

@ @<Glob...@>=
@y
1406
@ @(mmix-io.h@>=
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
@z

@x
@<Sub...@>=
int mmgetchars @,@,@[ARGS((char*,int,octa,int))@];@+@t}\6{@>
int mmgetchars(buf,size,addr,stop)
  char *buf;
  int size;
  octa addr;
  int stop;
{
  register char *p;
  register int m;
  register mem_tetra *ll;
  register tetra x;
  octa a;
  for (p=buf,m=0,a=addr; m<size;) {
    ll=mem_find(a);@+test_load_bkpt(ll);
    x=ll->tet;
    if ((a.l&0x3) || m>size-4) @<Read and store one byte; |return| if done@>@;
    else @<Read and store up to four bytes; |return| if done@>@;
  }
  return size;
}
@y
@(libmmget.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
1434
#include <setjmp.h>
1435
#include "libconfig.h"
1436
1437
1438
1439
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1440
#include "libarith.h"
1441
#include "libimport.h"
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452

int mmgetchars(buf,size,addr,stop)
  unsigned char *buf;
  int size;
  octa addr;
  int stop;
{
  register unsigned char *p;
  register int m;
  octa x;
  octa a;
1453
  MMIX_LOCAL_LL
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
  for (p=buf,m=0,a=addr; m<size;) {
    if ((a.l&0x7) || m+8>size) @<Read and store one byte; |return| if done@>@;
    else @<Read and store eight bytes; |return| if done@>@;
  }
  return size;
}
@z

@x
@ @<Read and store one byte...@>=
{
  *p=(x>>(8*((~a.l)&0x3)))&0xff;
  if (!*p && stop>=0) {
    if (stop==0) return m;
    if ((a.l&0x1) && *(p-1)=='\0') return m-1;
  }
  p++,m++,a=incr(a,1);
}

@ @<Read and store up to four bytes...@>=
{
  *p=x>>24;
  if (!*p && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && x<0x10000))) return m;
  *(p+1)=(x>>16)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+1) && stop==0) return m+1;
  *(p+2)=(x>>8)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+2) && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && (x&0xffff)==0))) return m+2;
  *(p+3)=x&0xff;
  if (!*(p+3) && stop==0) return m+3;
  p+=4,m+=4,a=incr(a,4);
}
@y
@ @<Read and store one byte...@>=
1487
{ MMIX_LDB(x,a);
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
    *p=x.l&0xff;
  if (!*p && stop>=0) {
    if (stop==0) return m;
    if ((a.l&0x1) && *(p-1)=='\0') return m-1;
  }
  p++,m++,a=incr(a,1);
}

@ @<Read and store eight bytes...@>=
1497
{ MMIX_LDO(x,a);
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
1526
1527
1528
1529
1530
1531
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
1538
1539
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
  *p=x.h>>24;
  if (!*p && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && x.h<0x10000))) return m;
  *(p+1)=(x.h>>16)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+1) && stop==0) return m+1;
  *(p+2)=(x.h>>8)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+2) && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && (x.h&0xffff)==0))) return m+2;
  *(p+3)=x.h&0xff;
  if (!*(p+3) && stop==0) return m+3;
  p+=4,m+=4,a=incr(a,4);
  *p=x.l>>24;
  if (!*p && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && x.l<0x10000))) return m;
  *(p+1)=(x.l>>16)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+1) && stop==0) return m+1;
  *(p+2)=(x.l>>8)&0xff;
  if (!*(p+2) && (stop==0 || (stop>0 && (x.l&0xffff)==0))) return m+2;
  *(p+3)=x.l&0xff;
  if (!*(p+3) && stop==0) return m+3;
  p+=4,m+=4,a=incr(a,4);
}
@z

@x      
@ The subroutine |mmputchars(buf,size,addr)| puts |size| characters
into the simulated memory starting at address |addr|.

@<Sub...@>=
void mmputchars @,@,@[ARGS((unsigned char*,int,octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
void mmputchars(buf,size,addr)
  unsigned char *buf;
  int size;
  octa addr;
{
  register unsigned char *p;
  register int m;
  register mem_tetra *ll;
  octa a;
  for (p=buf,m=0,a=addr; m<size;) {
    ll=mem_find(a);@+test_store_bkpt(ll);
    if ((a.l&0x3) || m>size-4) @<Load and write one byte@>@;
    else @<Load and write four bytes@>;
  }
}
@y
@ The subroutine |mmputchars(buf,size,addr)| puts |size| characters
into the simulated memory starting at address |addr|.

@(libmmput.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
1546
#include <setjmp.h>
1547
#include "libconfig.h"
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#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1552
#include "libarith.h"
1553
#include "libimport.h"
1554
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1560

void mmputchars(unsigned char *buf,int size,octa addr)
{
  register unsigned char *p;
  register int m;
  octa x;
  octa a;
1561
  MMIX_LOCAL_LL
1562
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  for (p=buf,m=0,a=addr; m<size;) {
    if ((a.l&0x7) || m+8>size) @<Load and write one byte@>@;
    else @<Load and write eight bytes@>;
  }
}
@z

@x
@ @<Load and write one byte@>=
{
  register int s=8*((~a.l)&0x3);
  ll->tet^=(((ll->tet>>s)^*p)&0xff)<<s;
  p++,m++,a=incr(a,1);
}

@ @<Load and write four bytes@>=
{
  ll->tet=(*p<<24)+(*(p+1)<<16)+(*(p+2)<<8)+*(p+3);
  p+=4,m+=4,a=incr(a,4);
}
@y
@ @<Load and write one byte@>=
{
  x.l=*p;
  x.h=0;
1587
  MMIX_STB(x,a);
1588
1589
1590
1591
1592
1593
1594
1595
  p++,m++,a=incr(a,1);
}

@ @<Load and write eight bytes@>=
{ x.h=(*p<<24)+(*(p+1)<<16)+(*(p+2)<<8)+*(p+3);
  p+=4;
  x.l=(*p<<24)+(*(p+1)<<16)+(*(p+2)<<8)+*(p+3);
  p+=4;
1596
  MMIX_STO(x,a);
1597
1598
1599
1600
  m+=8,a=incr(a,8);
}
@z

1601
1602
1603
1604
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1606
1607
1608
1609
The next function is used for mmixware ftraps

@x
@<Sub...@>=
char stdin_chr @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@(libstdin.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
1610
#include <setjmp.h>
1611
#include "libconfig.h"
1612
1613
1614
1615
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1616
#include "libimport.h"
1617

1618
1619
1620
1621
1622
1623
1624

char stdin_chr @,@,@[ARGS((void))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z




1625
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@x
@ We are finally ready for the last case.
@y
@ We do similar things for a trap interrupt.

Interrupt bits in rQ might be lost if they are set between a \.{GET}
and a~\.{PUT}. Therefore we don't allow \.{PUT} to zero out bits that
have become~1 since the most recently committed \.{GET}.

@<Glob...@>=
octa new_Q; /* when rQ increases in any bit position, so should this */

@ Now we can implement external interrupts.

@<Check for trap interrupt@>=
if (!resuming)
{ 
  MMIX_GET_INTERRUPT;
  if ((g[rK].h & g[rQ].h) != 0 || (g[rK].l & g[rQ].l) != 0) 
  { /*this is a dynamic trap */
    x.h=sign_bit, x.l=inst;
    if (tracing)
      printf("Dynamic TRAP: rQ=%08x%08x rK=%08x%08x\n",
            g[rQ].h, g[rQ].l, g[rK].h, g[rK].l);
    @<Initiate a trap interrupt@>
    inst_ptr=y=g[rTT];
  }
}

@ An instruction will not be executed if it violates the basic
security rule of \MMIX: An instruction in a nonnegative location
should not be performed unless all eight of the internal interrupts
have been enabled in the interrupt mask register~rK.
Conversely, an instruction in a negative location should not be performed
if the |P_BIT| is enabled in~rK.

The nonnegative-location case turns on the |S_BIT| of both rK and~rQ\null,
leading to an immediate interrupt.

@<Check for security violation@>=
{
  if (inst_ptr.h&sign_bit)
  { if (g[rK].h&P_BIT) 
    { g[rQ].h |= P_BIT;
      new_Q.h |= P_BIT;
      goto security_inst;
    }
  }
  else
  { if ((g[rK].h&0xff)!=0xff)
    { g[rQ].h |= S_BIT;
      new_Q.h |= S_BIT;
      g[rK].h |= S_BIT;
      goto security_inst;
    }
  }
}


@ Here are the bit codes that affect traps. The first eight
cases apply to the upper half of~rQ the next eight to the lower half.

@d P_BIT (1<<0) /* instruction in privileged location */
@d S_BIT (1<<1) /* security violation */
@d B_BIT (1<<2) /* instruction breaks the rules */
@d K_BIT (1<<3) /* instruction for kernel only */
@d N_BIT (1<<4) /* virtual translation bypassed */
@d PX_BIT (1<<5) /* permission lacking to execute from page */
@d PW_BIT (1<<6) /* permission lacking to write on page */
@d PR_BIT (1<<7) /* permission lacking to read from page */

@d PF_BIT (1<<0) /* power fail */
@d MP_BIT (1<<1) /* memory parity error */
@d NM_BIT (1<<2) /* non existent memory */
@d YY_BIT (1<<3) /* unassigned */
@d RE_BIT (1<<4) /* rebooting */
@d CP_BIT (1<<5) /* page fault */
@d PT_BIT (1<<6) /* page table error */
@d IN_BIT (1<<7) /* interval counter rI reaches zero */

@ We need this:
    
@ @<Initiate a trap interrupt@>=
 g[rWW]=inst_ptr;
 g[rXX]=x;
 g[rYY]=y;
 g[rZZ]=z;
 z.h=0, z.l=zz;
 g[rK].h = g[rK].l = 0;
 g[rBB]=g[255];
 g[255]=g[rJ];

@ We are finally ready for the last case.
@z

@x
case RESUME:@+if (xx || yy || zz) goto illegal_inst;
inst_ptr=z=g[rW];
b=g[rX];
if (!(b.h&sign_bit)) @<Prepare to perform a ropcode@>;
break;
@y
case RESUME:@+if (xx || yy) goto illegal_inst;
rzz=zz;
if ( rzz == 0)
{ if (!(loc.h&sign_bit) && (g[rW].h&sign_bit)) 
  goto protection_violation;
  inst_ptr=z=g[rW];
  b=g[rX];
}
else if ( rzz == 1)
{ 
  if (!(loc.h&sign_bit)) goto privileged_inst;
  inst_ptr=z=g[rWW];
  b=g[rXX];
  g[rK]=g[255];
  x=g[255]=g[rBB];
  @<Check for security violation@>
  if (interact_after_resume)
  { breakpoint = true;
    interact_after_resume = false;
  }
}
else goto illegal_inst;
if (!(b.h&sign_bit)) @<Prepare to perform a ropcode@>
break;
@z


@x
@d RESUME_AGAIN 0 /* repeat the command in rX as if in location $\rm rW-4$ */
@d RESUME_CONT 1 /* same, but substitute rY and rZ for operands */
@d RESUME_SET 2 /* set register \$X to rZ */
@y
@d RESUME_AGAIN 0 /* repeat the command in rX as if in location $\rm rW-4$ */
@d RESUME_CONT 1 /* same, but substitute rY and rZ for operands */
@d RESUME_SET 2 /* set register \$X to rZ */
@d RESUME_TRANS 3 /* install $\rm(rY,rZ)$ into IT-cache or DT-cache,
        then |RESUME_AGAIN| */
@z

@x
@<Prepare to perform a ropcode@>=
{
  rop=b.h>>24; /* the ropcode is the leading byte of rX */
  switch (rop) {
 case RESUME_CONT:@+if ((1<<(b.l>>28))&0x8f30) goto illegal_inst;
 case RESUME_SET: k=(b.l>>16)&0xff;
   if (k>=L && k<G) goto illegal_inst;
 case RESUME_AGAIN:@+if ((b.l>>24)==RESUME) goto illegal_inst;
   break;
 default: goto illegal_inst;
  }
  resuming=true;
}

@ @<Install special operands when resuming an interrupted operation@>=
if (rop==RESUME_SET) {
    op=ORI;
    y=g[rZ];
    z=zero_octa;
    exc=g[rX].h&0xff00;
    f=X_is_dest_bit;
}@+else { /* |RESUME_CONT| */
  y=g[rY];
  z=g[rZ];
}
@y
@<Prepare to perform a ropcode@>=
{
  rop=b.h>>24; /* the ropcode is the leading byte of rX */
  switch (rop) {
 case RESUME_CONT:@+if ((1<<(b.l>>28))&0x8f30) goto illegal_inst;
 case RESUME_SET: k=(b.l>>16)&0xff;
   if (k>=L && k<G) goto illegal_inst;
 case RESUME_AGAIN:@+if ((b.l>>24)==RESUME) goto illegal_inst;
   break;
 case RESUME_TRANS:@+if (rzz==0) goto illegal_inst;
   break;
 default: goto illegal_inst;
  }
  resuming=true;
}

@ @<Install special operands when resuming an interrupted operation@>=
if (rzz == 0)
{ if (rop==RESUME_SET) {
    op=ORI;
    y=g[rZ];
    z=zero_octa;
    exc=g[rX].h&0xff00;
    f=X_is_dest_bit;
  }@+else if (rop == RESUME_CONT) {
  y=g[rY];
  z=g[rZ];
  }
}
else
{ if (rop==RESUME_SET) {
    op=ORI;
    y=g[rZZ];
    z=zero_octa;
    exc=g[rXX].h&0xff00;
    f=X_is_dest_bit;
  } else if (rop==RESUME_TRANS)
  {  if ((b.l>>24)==SWYM) 
1831
       MMIX_STORE_IVTC(g[rYY], g[rZZ]);
1832
     else
1833
       MMIX_STORE_DVTC(g[rYY], g[rZZ]);
1834
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1840
  }@+else if (rop == RESUME_CONT) {
  y=g[rYY];
  z=g[rZZ];
  }
}
@z

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1846
We add parentheses here to make sure & comes before == and get rid of a compiler warning.
@x
      if (g[rU].l==0)@+{@+g[rU].h++;@+if (g[rU].h&0x7fff==0) g[rU].h-=0x8000;@+}
@y
      if (g[rU].l==0)@+{@+g[rU].h++;@+if ((g[rU].h&0x7fff)==0) g[rU].h-=0x8000;@+}
@z
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@x
  if (g[rI].l<=info[op].oops && g[rI].l && g[rI].h==0) tracing=breakpoint=true;
@y
  if (g[rI].l<=info[op].oops && g[rI].l && g[rI].h==0) g[rQ].l |= IN_BIT, new_Q.l |= IN_BIT; 
@z


@x
if (tracing) {
@y
if (trace_once|| (tracing && (!(loc.h&sign_bit) || show_operating_system)&&
   (g[rO].h<rOlimit.h || (g[rO].h==rOlimit.h&&g[rO].l<=rOlimit.l)))) {
   trace_once=false;
@z


@x
@<Print a stream-of-consciousness description of the instruction@>=
if (lhs[0]=='!') printf("%s instruction!\n",lhs+1); /* privileged or illegal */
@y
@<Print a stream-of-consciousness description of the instruction@>=
if (lhs[0]=='!') { printf("%s instruction!\n",lhs+1); /* privileged or illegal */
  lhs[0]='\0';
}
@z

@x
@ @<Sub...@>=
fmt_style style;
char *stream_name[]={"StdIn","StdOut","StdErr"};
@.StdIn@>
@.StdOut@>
@.StdErr@>
@#
void trace_print @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@ @(libtrace.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
1886
#include <setjmp.h>
1887
#include "libconfig.h"
1888
1889
1890
1891
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1892
#include "libarith.h"
1893
#include "libimport.h"
1894
1895
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1900
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1903
1904
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1907
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1919

static fmt_style style;
static char *stream_name[]={"StdIn","StdOut","StdErr"};
@.StdIn@>
@.StdOut@>
@.StdErr@>
@#
void trace_print @,@,@[ARGS((octa))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z
  
  

@x
char switchable_string[48]; /* holds |rhs|; position 0 is ignored */
 /* |switchable_string| must be able to hold any |trap_format| */
@y
char switchable_string[300] ={0}; /* holds |rhs|; position 0 is ignored */
 /* |switchable_string| must be able to hold any debug message */
@z

@x
@ @<Sub...@>=
void show_stats @,@,@[ARGS((bool))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@y
@ @(libstats.c@>=
#include <stdio.h>
1920
#include <setjmp.h>
1921
#include "libconfig.h"
1922
1923
1924
1925
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1926
#include "libarith.h"
1927
#include "libimport.h"
1928
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1980

void show_stats @,@,@[ARGS((bool))@];@+@t}\6{@>
@z


@x
@* Running the program. Now we are ready to fit the pieces together into a
working simulator.

@c
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include "abstime.h"
@<Preprocessor macros@>@;
@<Type declarations@>@;
@<Global variables@>@;
@<Subroutines@>@;
@#
int main(argc,argv)
  int argc;
  char *argv[];
{
  @<Local registers@>;
  mmix_io_init();
  @<Process the command line@>;
  @<Initialize everything@>;
  @<Load the command line arguments@>;
  @<Get ready to \.{UNSAVE} the initial context@>;
  while (1) {
    if (interrupt && !breakpoint) breakpoint=interacting=true, interrupt=false;
    else {
      breakpoint=false;
      if (interacting) @<Interact with the user@>;
    }
    if (halted) break;
    do @<Perform one instruction@>@;
    while ((!interrupt && !breakpoint) || resuming);
    if (interact_after_break) interacting=true, interact_after_break=false;
  }
 end_simulation:@+if (profiling) @<Print all the frequency counts@>;
  if (interacting || profiling || showing_stats) show_stats(true);
  return g[255].l; /* provide rudimentary feedback for non-interactive runs */
}
@y
@* Making the library. Now we are ready to write the different pieces of
a working simulator to separate files of a library.

@(liblibinit.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
1981
#include <setjmp.h>
1982
#include "libconfig.h"
1983
1984
1985
1986
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
1987
#include "libimport.h"
1988

1989
1990
1991
#ifndef MMIX_TRAP
#include "mmix-io.h"
#endif
1992
1993
1994
1995

int mmix_lib_initialize(void)
{
   @<Set up persistent data@>;
1996
1997
1998
#ifndef MMIX_TRAP
   mmix_io_init();
#endif
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
   return 0;
}

@ @(libinit.c@>=
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <signal.h>
2006
#include <setjmp.h>
2007
#include "libconfig.h"
2008
2009
2010
2011
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
2012
#include "libarith.h"
2013
#include "libimport.h"
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022

#ifdef WIN32
#include <windows.h>

BOOL CtrlHandler(DWORD fdwCtrlType);
#else
void catchint(int n);
#endif

2023

2024
int mmix_initialize(void)
2025
2026
{ 
  @<Initialize everything@>;
2027
2028
2029
2030
  return 0;
}

@ @(libboot.c@>=
2031
#include <stdlib.h>
2032
2033
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
2034
#include <setjmp.h>
2035
2036
#include "abstime.h"
#include "libconfig.h"
2037
2038
2039
2040
#include <time.h>
#include "libtype.h"
#include "libglobals.h"
#include "mmixlib.h"
2041
#include "libarith.h"
2042
#include "libimport.h"
2043

2044
2045
2046
extern void dump(mem_node *p);
extern void dump_tet(tetra t);

2047
void mmix_boot(void)
2048
{ 
2049
  @<Boot the machine@>;
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2057
#ifdef MMIX_BOOT
  loc.h=inst_ptr.h=0x80000000;
  loc.l=inst_ptr.l=0x00000000;
  g[rJ].h=g[rJ].l =0xFFFFFFFF;
  resuming=false;
#else
  @<Get ready to \.{UNSAVE} the initial context@>
#endif
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2069
}


@ @(libload.c@>=
int mmix_load_file(char *mmo_file_name)
{ int j; /* miscellaneous indices */
  mem_tetra *ll; /* current place in the simulated memory */
  char *p; /* current place in a string */
  free_file_info();
  if (mmo_file_name!=NULL && mmo_file_name[0]!=0)
  { 
   @<Load object file@>;
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2071
   MMIX_WRITE_DCACHE();
   MMIX_CLEAR_ICACHE();