Encapsulated logic to parse CLI arguments into new class "VadereArgumentParser"

This new class is used by:

  - VadereApplication
  - VadereConsole
  - PostVisualization

Now, all Vadere applications have a unified interface to pass arguments on command line.

Watch out: The method "VadereConsole.addSubCommandsToParser()" should be moved to "VadereArgumentParser".
8 jobs for argument_parser in 111 minutes and 19 seconds (queued for 2 seconds)